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Fibromyalgia – rheumatism outside of joint

Fibromyalgia is a form of rheumatism outside of joints, expressed through pain and immobility. More areas of osteomuscular system are affected, like joints, periarticular area, ligaments, subcutaneous tissue, muscles, tissue insertion. Signs of immobility and pain can become greater with cold, inactivity, humidity, and tension, while patient's condition gets better with heat and moderate physical activity.

There is a primary and secondary type of disease.

Causes of primary disease aren't known, and secondary form shows during trauma, rheumatic diseases (arthrosis, rheumatoid arthritis, connective tissue diseases) and different non-rheumatic diseases like hypothyroidism or malign diseases.

Fibromyalgia shows in ages of 25 to 35. Pain as a main symptom can be proven through light pressure.

Rheumatic symptoms are present in 98 percent of patients. Problems can last from several months to 25 or more years. Immobility is present after work, in the evening and in the morning. It can last from several minutes to few hours, and usually mobility exercises help. In certain cases joint swelling can occur.

Non-rheumatic symptoms are also present in most patients, including:
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Headache
  • Bowel problems
  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Dyspnea
  • Rheumatic and non-rheumatic symptoms are seasonal – most intense from November to March.
Treating fibromyalgia

Drug therapy is usually not prescribed. Obese patients are advised to lose weight. Rest and relaxation are very important, as well as moderate physical activity to reduce thinking about problems. Swimming is also an excellent choice.

Physical therapy procedures include hyperaemia and analgetic procedures like:

Important: Fibromyalgia is not a dangerous condition even though the symptoms are uncomfortable. Patient can very much help himself through more physical activity, more rest and relaxation, etc.

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